Le BARF | Meilleure régime pour chiens & chats ?
Animals play an important role in many people’s lives and often help with therapy, rehab, etc. Learn more about the possible benefits of pet companionship.
This article summarizes what is known and not known about how animals help improve the health and well-being of people, and what the implications might be for helping people who don’t have pets of their own. Some research studies have found that people who have a pet have healthier hearts, stay home sick less often, make fewer visits to the doctor, get more exercise, and are less depressed. The social support provided by a pet might also encourage more social interactions with people, reducing feelings of isolation or loneliness. Researchers found that people who said they had a pet in both 1996 and 2001 had the fewest doctor visits, followed by people who had acquired a pet by 2001; the group of people who did not have a pet at either time had the highest number of doctor visits. More research is needed on the connection between allergies, asthma, and pets, but it is possible that the impact of having pets on allergies may depend on the age of the person at the time they are exposed to an animal as well as the type of pet.
Some people are more attached to their pets than others and those feelings could influence the impact of the pet on the person’s health. Most evidence on the benefits of having a pet comes from surveys of current health, but that means it is impossible to know if a person is in good health because she has a pet or if he is more likely to get a pet because he is in good health. The German study described above suggests that having a pet for a longer period of time is more beneficial to your health; but it is also possible that people with pets have less time to spare to go to the doctor or are less concerned about their own health, especially minor ailments. People who love their pets are likely to want to let researchers know that their pets help improve their lives. How much time the person spends with his or her pet could be strongly influenced by the type of pet and in turn could influence the health benefits of having a pet.
Researchers have also used animals to temporarily provide companionship to children with health or mental health problems, or elderly people who may not have the energy or resources for a live-in pet. People who have pets know that there are many benefits to having a companion animal, but we do not yet know under what circumstances those benefits are most likely.
If the dog suffers from any of these, a Vet should be consulted immediately and steps should be taken towards the treatment of the dog. Most of these diseases are spread directly from dog to dog, while others require a vector such as a tick or mosquito. Bacterial diseases in dogs are usually not contagious from dog to dog; instead they are usually the result of wound colonization, opportunistic infections secondary to decreased resistance, or secondary to other conditions. These examples are not considered infectious diseases because they do not satisfy Koch’s postulates – for example Staphylococcus intermedius, a commonly isolated bacteria from skin infections in dogs, would not cause pyoderma when introduced to a healthy dog. There are some bacteria that are contagious from dog to dog.
It has been diagnosed in dogs in all 48 states of the continental U.S. Ehrlichia canis, which causes canine ehrlichiosis, and Rickettsia rickettsii, which causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever, are both spread by the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis, and the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineous. Although dogs do not seem to be as susceptible to such diseases as humans, similar rickettsial diseases have been spread by dogs to humans through such mechanisms as a dog killing an infected rabbit, then shaking itself off in the house near enough to its owners to fatally infect most of the family. Treatment of an infected dog is difficult, involving an attempt to poison the healthy worm with arsenic compounds without killing the weakened dog, and frequently does not succeed. Although dog treats carry high benefits for dogs’ teeth, they can also be a source of problems when given excessively.
Dog treats are more likely to be linked to obesity in old dogs, since in their old age they are less likely to be active and exercising. While some think that vitamins and supplements are necessary and can improve the health of a dog, others believe that they are unnecessary and may harm the dog. It is not essential for a female dog to either experience a heat cycle or have puppies before spaying, and likewise, a male dog does not need the experience of mating before neutering.
Such as the kennel cough vaccine, still need to be done annually, but researchers now believe there are good reasons why core vaccines should be triennial. An association between injection of adjuvanted vaccines against both the leukaemia virus and rabies and the development of injection-site sarcomas in cats was soon confirmed. In 2007, the World Small Animal Veterinary Association began advising vets to continue vaccinating pets with core vaccines, but to reduce their frequency to minimise the potential for adverse reactions. In Australia, the AVA issued a revised policy in June 2009 stating that in most cases core vaccines need not be administered any more frequently than triennially, or even less so under certain circumstances, such as if your pet is kept inside and less likely to come into contact with these viruses. Vaccine labelling – the Australian regulator, the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority, can’t change vaccine labels to the new three-year recommendation without data being provided by the manufacturer to prove a longer duration of immunity.
Vets aren’t obliged to follow recommendations on vaccine labels – state and territory legislation allows vets to use vaccines at whatever interval they determine is best, provided they obtain informed consent from the pet owner. Discuss with your vet the most suitable vaccination regime for your pet. To reduce the risk of tumours, feline adjuvanted vaccines should not be injected into your cat’s back. Core vaccines are those that should be administered to every puppy or kitten, and should be used in adult animals in a manner that maintains robust protection for life. Non-core vaccines are those that don’t need to be administered to every animal.
This could be because the disease(s) they protect against are relatively mild, the animal has little chance of exposure to the disease, the vaccine causes adverse effects, making the risk-benefit ratio unattractive, or there is insufficient scientific information to allow an informed decision about the need, efficacy and/or safety of the vaccine. If non-core vaccines are required, they may need to be administered annually.